- The Maya have been a subject people of the Aztec Empire for centuries.
- During the War of the Aztec Succession in the 17th century a short-lived Maya Republic was sponsored by the Papacy. When this was suppressed by the Aztecs it is conjectured that a small number of devout Catholic Maya moved to the High Kingdom of Colorado. Following the civil war in the Colorado they joined with the Catholic Yaqui and Tarahumara to form the Northern Citadel on the Great Plains. At the call of the Papacy the Yaqui, Tarahumara and Maya moved to Europe to found the Divine Kingdom of Israel depopulating a large region west of the Great Snake River. Defeated by the Danes in the Holy Cross War as refugees the survivors were resettled in Asia Minor as subjects of the Exarchate of Trebizond.
- Originally staunchly Catholic, the Maya region of Lenca in the Yucatan peninsula is now the center of the Sisters of the Rose, the Lencolar Church.