Duke

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Old French: duc, from the Latin dux, ducis deriving from the verb ducere - to lead.

  • In the late Roman Empire, dux was a military title, latter applied to the Germanic Franks Herzog - warleader.
  • A Grand Duke (Latin, Magnus Dux) ranks in honour below a King but higher than a sovereign Duke or Prince.

Originally a European rank, the colonial expansion of the French overseas carried the title to South Ameriqa, and by the Hussite realms to India.

In the Far East equivalent ranks exist, such as the Chinese Gong and Guogong or the Japanese KĊshaku.

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