Communard

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Introduction

A pamphlet of the Marseilles Commune
  • Communards are members or supporters of the commune movement, such as the Marseilles Commune.

The communards advocate the overthrow of the Ancien Régime, and first appeared during the course of the 18th Century in response to the Industrial Revolution and in opposition to the Old Order:

  • The Ancien Régime represented by the Three Pillars:
    • The monarchy.
    • The clergy.
    • The aristocracy.
  • Society as divided into the three Estates of the realm:
    • The First Estate, the clergy.
    • The Second Estate, the nobility.
    • The Third Estate, the rest of the population.

The communard movement in Europe and North Afriqa has appeared in a number of forms:

The Far Eastern equivalent of the SRC is the Zengakuren movement.

History of the Marseilles Commune - Newsfax Entries

1739-1740 T205
Baklovakia: Then amazing and welcome news came from the city of Marseilles, where recently some young Baklovakians had gone to attend a pastry cooking school in the bustling free-port.

AEIC: Unfortunately, matters close to home were growing serious. The offices of the Company in Marseilles were destroyed in an apparent terrorist attack, though the efficency with which the survivors were hunted down and murdered chilled the blood. Further trouble in that city followed, with the students at the local schools (riled up by Baklovakian agitators) mobbing the streets, exchanging gunfire and thrown stones with the city police, then barricading the university district. As Marseilles enjoyed special 'autonomous' status within the Danish Empire, the local Imperials refused to intervene. Within two months, the entire city had fallen to the student revolutionary brigades and their red banners flew bravely from the rooftops and gates. The sound of the Internationale range from the steeples!

Frankish Commonwealth: Princess Margaret's attempt to return home to Paris via the Danish port of Marseilles was confounded by the student revolution in that city and the foundation of their 'Commune de Populare' which denied her fleet entry into the harbor.

1741-1742 T206
Baklovakia: The Communards in Marseilles were plagued with embassies from many powers, and made out well in gifts (particularly from the Danes and the House of Tewfik) which they immediately applied to the Workers Cause (buying Danish rifles and pistols for the workers battalions.) In any case the students had determined to aid their brothers and sisters fighting in Spain, and many left the city and marched west into Navarrese territory.

Denmark: In the west, a Danish fleet and army converged upon Marseilles, where the student revolutionary council stared in shock at the marching regiments of Piket's expedition, and at Gligoric's naval flotilla off-shore. After huddled negotiations, the students agreed to pay a heavy tax to the Empire (and, in fact, seemed quite pleased with themselves).

1747–1748 T209
Denmark: The Communard elements in Marseilles declared a ‘free Republic’ and seized control of Provence entire.

1749–1750 T210
Denmark: Black Georg – determined to halt the disintegration of the Empire by main force of will – led a fleet to ever-rebellious Marseilles and managed to force a nominal obeisance from the Catholic townsmen.

1751-1752 T211
Denmark: At the direction of the Emperor (who was still busy trying to stitch the German provinces back to the fabric of the Empire), Admiral Schlechter (and some Taborite fathers) attempted to seize the city of Marseilles by surprise attack from the sea. With their lead elements disguised as visiting sailors, the main fleet attacked Catholic-ruled Marseilles in the summer of '51, supported by no less than ten steam-powered cruisers. Disastrously, the surprise landing failed (the Marseilles garrison being on alert due to Spanish finagling) and repelled the initial assault with heavy losses to the Danes.

Furious at losing a third of his force on the walls of the city, Schlechter ordered a second attack, this time after a sustained bombardment by the fleet. Again the Danes fumbled the assault, but the defenders were in equally poor shape, with the city on fire and their walls in rubble. This time Schlechter (who had moved his command post on-shore) was wounded by a sniper and command fell to the Taborite reverend Lombardy. The attack failed, driven off with heavy casualties.

Lombardy also elected to continue the assault (now into acres of burned out buildings and rubble) and again the Danish attack ground to halt and was then thrown back by the ferocity of the Catholic defense. "These Frenchmen have the spirit of lions," Lombardy croaked, nearly overcome by cordite and the smell of rotting bodies, as he was carried back (wounded) from the trenchlines. Now, at last, the Danish fleet withdrew to Genoa, a friendly port, and well equipped with hospitals. Nearly ten thousand Imperial troops had been lost in the disastrous campaign.

1753-1754 T212
Denmark: Nose bloodied, the Fleet continued to prowl about embattled Marseilles. A fiercely tight blockade was put in place and the city cut off by land. The Imperial Generals were determined to spend not one more Danish soldier's life in taking the cursed place… As it happened the weight of the siege was taken up by a motley lot of Swiss, Champaignois and Provencal levies. This resulted in no landward blockade for essentially all of 1753 before the Danish admiral commanding the blockade threatened to string the lot of quarreling barons, dukes and princes up. Marseilles, however, had still not surrendered by the end of '54.

"Come back, holey-cheese-peoples," the city watch screamed at the Swiss, "and we will taunt you a seeeecond tiiime!"

1755-1756 T213
Denmark: Meantime, the endless siege of Marseilles continued.

After the Emperor had viewed the siege lines at Marseilles and expressed his severe displeasure at the progress of capturing the city, Sir Carl Schlechter arrived with a veteran army from Italy. Supported by Provencal, Swiss and Champagnois levies a vigorous siege was prosecuted, including constant bombardment from the Danish fleet off-shore.

This time, with sufficient force applied, the city defenders were at last overwhelmed and put down. Danish troops poured in, burning and looting all the Catholic churches they could find. Schlechter let his men have their fun, for the lengthy siege had tried his patience.

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