The Amazigh, plural Amazighen - the free men.
They dislike the term Berber as it derives from the Greek term for a barbarian.
The Berber are an ancient people of the Maghreb. See also Tuareg.
- In the 10th century refugee Swedes fleeing the wars in northern Europe founded the Berber Emirate.
- From the 11th to the 15th century the Berber Emirate dominated North Afriqa and the Mediterranean. At its greatest extent it held land in Italy and the islands of the Aegean including Rhodes.
- In 1471 the rebel Aztec Robber Kingdom of Tezcatlipan briefly controlled Morroco, building the citadel of Tezcomal and the Nameless City (the foundations of the later St. George the Defender).
- For the next century Morroco and the city of St. Georges was the seat of the Templar Kingdom of Morroco, until the decade commencing in 1665 when it was conquered by the Swedish rebel Sultanate of Marôc. With the fall of that state all of the Mahgreb was dominated by the Christian Emirate of Lybia.
- In the 17th century Morroco and the regions south of the Atlas became the Swedish Exarchy of Inner Afrika.
- With the fall of Lybia in the 18th century the Mahgreb was divided between the Swedish Empire of Russia region of Morroco and by the Carthaginian territories extending along the Atlas Mountains to the Bay of Tunis. Other Tuareg tribes remained south of the mountains and the Exarchy. The Al'Haggar tribes - the Adwaghost, Arguin and Wadan - adopted the Orangist faith and formed the basis of the Al’Haggar Fedyakin jihad in the 1760s.